The Production of Epoxidized soybean Oil (ESO)

Epoxidized soybean Oil (ESO) is an additive to flexible Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) that gains its name from the reaction that occurs with the unsaturated soybean oil. The epoxidation reaction takes place at a carbon to carbon double bond site.  The oxygen atom (usually in the form of a peroxide or a peracid) comes in and attaches itself between the two carbons to create a single bonded triangular ring between the three molecules called an oxirane. This oxirane can be used as a way of separate well formed ESO molecules from those that will be less effective. Those ESO molecules with higher oxirane percentages will product better results than those with low oxirane percentages.

Because epoxidized soybean oil is synthesized from the bio-based, renewable resource of soybean crops, the level of saturation of the soybean oil and ultimately the oxirane value of the ESO created from it, is dependent on the growing conditions of the soybeans.  Very hot, dry weather is known to inhibit the formation of the unsaturated C18-3 and C18-2 double bonds in the soybean oil and will therefore lead to lower oxirane values in the ESO produced from it.

The climate of American Midwest is very well suited to producing high oxirane value ESO.  The United States is responsible for about 32% of the total soybeans grown worldwide, with Brazil and Argentina also significant producers of the oilseed.

Although ESO was first introduced into the plastics market over thirty years ago as a bio based plasticizer that could be a drop-in replacement to Dioctyl phthalate (DOP), it has found a strong niche as a secondary plasticizer due to its heat and light stabilization effects in PVC compounds.  The epoxide group is more reactive than a double bond, thus providing a more energetically favorable site for reaction and making it a good hydrochloric acid scavenger and plasticizer.

ChemCeed Attends WBENC National Conference and Business Fair 2017

ChemCeed President Marimel Enderes and Vice President Rolly Enderes will be attending the WBENC National Conference & Business Fair held June 20-22, 2017 in Las Vegas, Nevada.

The National Conference & Business Fair is the largest conference of its kind for women business owners in the U.S.  The event is attended by senior executives and procurement representatives from many Fortune 500 and the U.S. Government; and select partner organizations whose missions’ align with WBENC’s vision of expanding women’s business opportunities in the marketplace.

The event will feature networking sessions, keynote speakers, panel discussions, workshops, and a Business Fair.   ChemCeed will also be participating in pre-scheduled 1:1 MatchMaker meetings.

Evonik Lifts Force Majeure

Evonik announce June 13, 2017 that its force majeure on various C4 products would be lifted.   The force majeure went into affect following an explosion at its Antwerp, Belgium plant on May 7th.   The plant’s C4 processing capabilities were shut down, which in turn caused production problems at Evonik’s plant in Marl, Germany which relied on the butene feedstock from Antwerp.   Downstream products effected included INA, 2-PH, TDA, and plasticizers VESTINOL® 9 (DINP), ELATUR® CH, and VESTINOL® INB.   While this news will help to ease supply chain woes, the European market still does not expect to return to normal availability immediately.   Demand is reportedly strong and supply is still limited, especially since BASF has not yet announced they are back to running normal operations following an explosion at their Ludwigshafen, Germany plant last year.

ChemCeed to Attend NACD 2017 Central Region Meeting

NACD Member Logo, ChemCeed, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, Chemical Production, Chemical ProductsChemCeed will be attending the NACD 2017 Central Region Meeting June 12-14, 2017 at the Renaissance Schaumburg Convention Center Hotel in Schaumburg, IL.  This meeting provides a great opportunity to network with other regionally-located chemical distributors, and also provides insightful information on key regulatory and legislative issues surrounding the industry.   ChemCeed’s Vice President, Rolly Enderes, says, “It is important to know and learn more about the mainstream topics that are affecting our industry and the NACD Central Region Annual Meeting helps companies stay connected to the important issues.”

For more information about the event, visit NACD.com

Phosphates as Defoamers

ChemCeed, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, Chemical Production, Chemical ProductsIn concrete, producing an effective concrete-air content is a vital aspect.  Though the air reduces the strength of the concrete, the air does add compressibility to the concrete. This makes the concrete more durable through temperature changes allowing the concrete bend and flex in very high or very low temperature conditions. There are situations when air is determined to be too excessive for those situations, and in that case, some specific phosphates are used to reduce the effects of the air on the concrete and bring the concrete back to its original strength. These products are called Defoamers. Defoamers are needed in the concrete when the thickening agents cause air to be trapped inside creating the foam. Common deformers used for this situation are Tributyl Phosphate (TBP). The thickening agent and defoamer (TBP) have a direct relationship in terms of usage (i.e. more thickening agent used the more defoamer that will be needed as well).

Phosphate defoamers can also be used in other industries outside of concretes as well, such as in detergents for automated dish washing machines, and processing recycled paper in the Erco chlorine dioxide process. During such processes, you can treat the liquid streams with a surfactant such as TBP before you get to the absorption phase of the process reducing the foam that one would be dealing with during the Erco chlorine dioxide process.

ChemCeed to Host Booth at STLE Annual Meeting 2017

ChemCeed will be exhibiting at the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) Annual Meeting in Atlanta, Georgia on May 21-25th. The five-day event will feature over 500 technical presentations, application-based case studies, best practice reports, discussion panels and a trade show.  The meeting will be held at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta, Atlanta, GA on Sunday, May 31st, at 8:00 AM to Thursday, May 25th at 5:00 PM.  ChemCeed will be at booth #107 at the Exhibition.

ChemCeed is a full service woman-owned and minority-owned worldwide chemical supplier of chemical raw materials such as specialty esters and plasticizers, pigments, and corrosion inhibitors.  ChemCeed works as a partner in various company’s supply chains and offers full support from the R&D phases of formulation to the production of the final product.  ChemCeed will be featuring select corrosion inhibitors and specialty additives for grease, lubricants, and metalworking fluids.

To learn more about our products, visit our Lubricant & Grease Industry page.

About ChemCeed LLC
ChemCeed LLC is a woman-owned, minority-owned chemical and raw material supply company headquartered in Chippewa Falls, WI with a worldwide distribution network. ChemCeed offers a reliable supply of quality chemicals from stocking points throughout the country, and focuses on building strong relationships with its customers through excellent personal customer service and uniquely tailored solutions that ensure customer satisfaction.

ChemCeed supplies corrosion inhibitors, functional additives, basestocks and specialty esters to manufacturers of lubricants, metal working fluids, engine coolants, cleaners, and corrosion protection products. ChemCeed, along with our subsidiary company NCeed Enterprises, brings you decades of experience in the Lubrication & Grease market as a trusted supplier.

About STLE
The Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) is an international professional membership association dedicated to the study of interacting moving surfaces. Improving the performance of equipment and products, conserving resources and protecting the environment through tribological advances is the mission of the society.

STLE is the leading technical organization serving more than 13,000 industry professionals and 250 companies and organizations that comprise the tribology and lubrication engineering business sector. STLE offers its members industry-specific education and training, professional resources, technical information, certification programs and career development.

Plasticizer use in Adhesives and Sealants

Plasticizers are an important component of many adhesives and sealants.  A plasticizer is an additive used to increase flexibility or workability of a polymer system.  Plasticizers typically affect the viscosity, lower the glass transition temperature, and lower the elastic modulus of a product.   Phthalates and terephthalates are an example of effective plasticizer chemistries used in caulks and sealants.  This group includes plasticizers such as Butyl Benzyl Phthalate (BBP), DIHP, Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP), Dioctyl Terephthalate (DOTP), and DBT.  Dibenzoate plasticizers such as Dipropylene Gycol Dibenzoate are also commonly used.   Plasticizers are typically chosen based on polymer compatibility and the desired properties of the end product.   By choosing a plasticizer that is compatible with the polymer, it protects the plasticizer for leaching out of the product and thus losing the benefits of plasticization.  Plasticizer permanence, or resistance to migration out of the adhesive or sealant, plays a role in the longevity of a product.  Permanence can be affected by weathering such exposure to sunlight and extreme temperatures, or extraction by substances such as soapy water.  Loss of plasticizer results in stiffening, shrinkage or the caulk or sealant becoming brittle.   Generally speaking, sealants composed of acrylics, polyvinyl acetate (PVA), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) would do will with phthalates, terephthalates, benzoates, and epoxidized oils such as Epoxidized Soybean Oil (ESO).  Polyamides and polysulfides may do well with a phosphate ester such as Tributyl Phosphate (TBP) or Trioctyl Phosphate (TOF), whereas, Polyurethanes and epoxies might be better off with use of polymeric polyesters.   The amount of plasticizer needed varies by formulation, but can be anywhere between 5 – 50% of the product by weight.

ChemCeed to Host Booth at Adhesive and Sealant EXPO in Atlanta, Georgia

ChemCeed  will be exhibiting at the annual Adhesive and Sealant EXPO in Atlanta, Georgia on April 4, 2017. The event will feature over 500 industry leaders from both large and small adhesive and sealant manufacturer and supplier companies worldwide.  The EXPO will be held at the Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, GA on Tuesday, April 4th, from 3:00 to 6:30 p.m.  ChemCeed will be at booth #601 at the EXPO.

ChemCeed’s presence at the Adhesive and Sealant EXPO will help facilitate knowledge sharing across the adhesive and sealant community.   ChemCeed looks forward to offering our technical expertise in our product lines as related to the industry, and our staff will also benefit from the seminars at the EXPO.

For more information visit ascouncil.org

Update on Korean DOTP Antidumping Investigation

On January 27, 2017, the U.S. Department of Commerce issued its Preliminary Determination in the ongoing antidumping investigation regarding imports of dioctyl terephthalate (DOTP) from South Korea. The preliminary findings were that that dumping has occurred. The investigation will now progress forward to a final determination by the Department of Commerce, which is expected to be made on June 13, 2017. If the final determination is also affirmative, the case will move on to the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) for a final determination. If the ITC also rules affirmatively, it is expected that by the beginning of August 2017 the Department of Commerce will issue an order for an antidumping duty to be placed on all DOTP imported into the U.S. from Korea, even material which contains DOTP in blends with other products.

For more information, see the Department of Commerce Fact Sheet

What is the Predicted Forecast of Chemical Industry Activity for 2017?

According to the American Chemistry Council (ACC), there is the very method of checking the forecast of Chemical Industry Activity for the start of the new year 2017 using The Chemical Activity Barometer (CAB), and based on this, the outlook for the Chemical industry is quite promising.

What exactly is the CAB and how, might you ask, is it measured?  It is a composite index which is comprised of indicators drawn from a range of chemicals and sectors, including chlorine and other alkalis, pigments, plastic resins and other selected basic industrial chemicals.  It first originated through a study of the relationship between business cycles in certain chemical production and cycles in the larger economy.  It is comprised mainly of 4 Primary Components, each consisting of a variety of indicators: 1) Production; 2) Equity Prices; 3) Product Prices; and 4) Inventories.

The CAB was developed by the ACC and is a leading economic indicator and used to determine turning points and trends within the US economy.  It also helps identify changes in other industries within the U.S. economy and highlights the industry’s role in driving economic growth.  Within the U.S. economy’s business cycle, the chemical industry has been found to lead consistently, given its early position in the supply chain. Monthly movement can be very volatile so a 3-month moving average of the barometer is provided, allowing a more consistent and visual outlook of national economic trend.

In December of 2016, all FOUR primary components (Production, Equity Prices, Product Prices, & Inventories) for the CAB improved.  According to ACC Chief Economist Keven Swift, “The foundation remains strong.  Overall trends in construction-related resins, pigments, and related performance chemistry were positive and suggest further gains in housing next year”.  Other indicators including prices and inventory were also positive.  Because it ended the year strongly, it resulted in a monthly gain of 0.3% and a year-over-year gain of 4.4%, which was significantly higher over the first half of the year.  This pace has not been seen since September of 2010.  Ultimately these results suggest expanded business grown in early 2017.